The diet of hypertensive patients should follow 3 principles:
1. Avoid “heavy taste”
Eat as light a diet as possible, eat more coarse grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, soy products, lean meat, fish, chicken and other foods; avoid meat oil and fat foods. You also need to pay attention to the diet in normal times. Three meals a day should be given regularly. Do not overeating. It is advisable to eat 80% full.
2. Control salt intake
Try to lighten your diet as much as possible. When cooking, you can use a salt spoon and record the total amount for quantitative control. The salt content in one day should not exceed 5g. At the same time, reduce the amount of MSG and chicken essence, and use less soy sauce and hot sauce. Try not to put high-sodium foods such as pickles, soy tofu, and ham on the table.
3. Appropriately increase calcium intake
Low calcium can easily increase blood pressure. Therefore, patients with hypertension should appropriately increase their calcium intake. Usually, they can ensure a certain amount (250-500mL) of milk and their products. At the same time, they can also eat some fungus, soy products, Cartilage and other calcium-rich foods. Patients with lactose intolerance can use yogurt or lactose-free milk instead. In addition, you can also bask in the sun, which is also helpful for calcium supplementation.
In addition to paying attention to the above three principles, you can also eat some foods that have a blood pressure lowering effect to help lower blood pressure. These 4 types of food can help lower blood pressure:
1. Banana: It contains a lot of potassium, which helps control blood pressure. The American Heart Association recommends that adults should consume 4,700 mg of potassium per day.
2. Milk: It is rich in calcium. Many studies have shown that supplementing all subjects with about 1000mg of calcium has shown a slight decrease in blood pressure.
3. Seaweed: Properly eating some seaweed is also helpful for lowering blood pressure, because it contains biologically active peptides. The effect of this substance is similar to common antihypertensive drugs.
4. Celery: contains a lot of cellulose, and its acidic antihypertensive components have been proved by scientists to have a good antihypertensive effect, especially for the elderly and pregnant women.
There is a close relationship between diet and high blood pressure. In order to effectively control high blood pressure, in addition to taking medicines on time and active exercise, diet is also critical, so we must work harder to develop good eating habits.