[The 4 most indispensable vitamins for people with diabetes]
β-carotene contains hypoglycemic substances and is a good food for people with diabetes. The molecular structure of β-carotene is equivalent to two molecules of vitamin A. After entering the body, it undergoes the action of enzymes in the liver and small intestine mucosa, 50% of which becomes vitamin A, which has the effect of invigorating the liver and improving eyesight and risk of diabetic eye disease The sugar friends should be supplemented appropriately.
(2) Vitamin C
Vitamin C can scavenge free radicals (free radicals harmful to the human body) and prevent diabetes with nerve and vascular disease. Vitamins are also antioxidants. Medical scientists such as the United States, Switzerland, and Germany have found that antioxidants such as vitamin C, E and alpha-lipoic acid may help prevent and treat complications of diabetes. You can usually choose strawberries, citrus, apples, green leafy vegetables, spinach, etc. Vitamin C can lower plasma lipid peroxides, lower blood total cholesterol, triglycerides, increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and relieve microalbuminuria and early diabetic retinopathy. The recommended daily intake for general adults is 60 mg, and diabetic patients can supplement 100 to 500 mg.
(3) Vitamin E
A study in Finland and the United States showed that the human body lacks vitamin E and is prone to diabetes. Men with low levels of vitamin E in their bodies have four times the risk of diabetes. Vitamin E and β-carotene have a synergistic effect. The recommended daily intake for normal people is 14mg, while diabetic patients can supplement vitamin E 100-200mg daily to prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
(4) B vitamins
Studies have shown that vitamin B7 can help diabetic patients control blood sugar levels and prevent nerve damage caused by the disease. Vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and other B vitamins are the main components of coenzymes for glucose metabolism, and can also assist in the treatment of polyneuritis. Diabetic patients should also be supplemented appropriately.