Chinese herbal medicine (English name: Chinese herbal medicine): Chinese herbal medicine is mainly composed of plant medicine (root, stem, leaf, fruit), animal medicine (internal organs, skin, bone, organs, etc.) and mineral medicine. As botanicals account for the majority of Chinese medicines, Chinese medicines are also called Chinese herbal medicines.
There are about 5,000 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines used in various parts of China, and there are countless prescriptions formed by combining various medicinal materials. After thousands of years of research, an independent science-Materia Medica has been formed.
The application theory of Chinese medicine is unique. Chinese medicine has four qi and five flavors. The four qi, also known as the four natures, refer to the cold, hot, warm and cold nature of medicine. Five flavors refer to the pungency, sourness, sweetness, bitterness and saltiness of the medicine. Chinese herbal medicine has different qi and taste, and its curative effect is also different.
Chinese herbal medicines are used in various forms, such as decoctions made by decoction of medicines and decoction to leave juice, powders ground into powder, pills, ointments, wines, tablets, granules, injections, etc.
There are many famous Chinese herbal medicines. The most famous botanicals are ginseng, ganoderma, fleece-flower root and wolfberry. Animal medicines are the most precious of donkey glue, bezoar, bear bile, snake venom and antler. The most commonly used mineral medicines are cinnabar, ochre, talc, and thenardite.
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